Town of Topola

Topola GPS coordinates

44.252032142468536
20.678684290429715

Town of Topola was a capital and the administrative center of liberated Serbia during the First Serbian Uprising in the beginning of XIX century. The leader of the Serbian revolution of 1804, Karadjordje Petrović, who was born in the nearby village settled down there on the eve of the Uprising, next to the town, in the hamlet of Krćevac. After becoming the Supreme Leader, Karadjordje turned Topola into his capital and the administrative center of newly liberated Serbia. From 1811 to 1813, the town was fortified, surrounded by a moat, with three stories towers and palisades.

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The King’s Winery GPS coordinates

44.242113511339944
20.68738265928596

The old document from the times of the First Uprising testifies that the Topola vineyards yielded so well that there was not enough space to store the abundance of grape and wine. King Alexander I continued his father’s and grandfather’s enterprise by planting over 50 hectares of local and foreign sorts. The King’s Winery was built in 1931. There are 99 oak barrels, including three in the ground floor museum exhibition, received by King Alexander in 1922, as a wedding gift from the people of the Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes. Each barrel has a capacity of 2,000 liters, and on the front side carved inscription of the Serbian, Croatian and Slovenian national anthems’ first verses. The museum exhibition has some of the bottles from the period of the Winery’s foundation.

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St. George′s Church GPS coordinates

44.24619243776984
20.682439698625444

Immediately upon assuming his royal duties in 1903, His Majesty King Peter I acted swiftly to fulfill his parents’ legacy, and utilizing the atmosphere of national enthusiasm and his personal funds he built the dynastic crypt on the model of many similar royal mausoleums in Europe, but also following Orthodox tradition. St. George′s Church and the Mausoleum of Karadjordjevic dynasty is located on top of Oplenac hill, in the town of Topola, Serbia. Six generations of the Karadjordjevic family have been buried in this church, one of the most important places of Serbian history. The inside of the temple is covered in lavish mosaics that greatly contribute to the required representativeness. Marble floor and iconostasis are completely subordinated to the mosaics. The interior decoration lasted for years. Copies from 60 Serbian medieval churches and monasteries had been brought to the St. George church at Oplenac.

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