Ovčar-Kablar Gorge is situated in the central part of Serbia, within West Pomoravlje, and it splits highlands of Sumadija, in the north, up to Dragacevo and Starovlaska-Raska highlands in the south. It belongs to those regions of Serbia which have attracted with their natural beauties and monuments treasure for centuries. Basic natural characteristics of the gorge are impressive massifs of Ovcar and Kablar by which the gorge got its name. With over 300 monasteries built in the gorge since the 14th century, it is known as the “Serbian Mount Athos”.
In 1954, the West Morava was dammed in the gorge when two hydroelectric dams with artificial lakes were created. Dam “Ovčar Banja” created smaller Ovčar Lake. The Ovčar Spa (Ovčar banja) is located there. It has a hot, sulfuric water (37,5 Celsius), which is helpful for the treatment of rheumatism, nerve and skin diseases.
Nikola Tesla famous Serbian American inventor, electrical engineer, mechanical engineer, physicist, and futurist spent a famous day in June of 1892 in Belgrade. Thanks to his friend Professor Djordje Stanojevic who was one of the leading scientists of the late 19th and the early 20th centuries, as astrophysicist, meteorologist, and rector of the University of Belgrade. Their friendship generated the small and impoverished nation of Serbia to follow the path of modernization by the establishment of the hydroelectric plant “Pod gradom” in Uzice only four years after construction of the large plants at the Niagara Falls.