Many of internet surfers saw the images by Belgian photographer Jan Kempenaers document a series of ruined monuments dotted across the landscape of the former Yugoslavian territories. The huge monuments designed by numerous architects and sculptors are dedicated to doings of World War Two. Constructed during the 1960s and 70s by Yugoslavian president Josip Broz Tito, the concrete structures had had to demonstrate the strength of the socialist republic. One of the monuments is placed at the top of the Kosmaj mountain near Belgrade.
Kosmaj Partisan detachment was formed at 2nd of July, 1941. During World War Two from 1941 to 1944 the partisan army had long since grown into a regular fighting formation comparable to the armies of other small States, and infinitely superior to most of them, and especially to the pre-war Jugoslav army, in tactical skill, fieldcraft, leadership, fighting spirit and fire-power. On 20 October, the Red Army and the Partisans liberated Belgrade in a joint operation known as the Belgrade Offensive. The Kosmaj Partisan detachment and the whole region suffered 5820 civilian and military dead during the war.
The monument was designed by Bogdan Bogdanovic and constructed at 1971. The recognizable construction became in time one of the symbols of the region Shumadia. Till 1999 the sculpture was illuminated and it was possible to see it at the clear night from some places in Belgrade. However, it can be seen from viewpoints on Avala mountain.
There is only 60 km from Belgrade to Kasmaj. Wonderful roads go between hills, villages, and fruit gardens. Good choice for the weekend ride. The Avala and Smederevo also can be included to the route.