Belgrade is the capital and largest city of Serbia. It is located at the confluence of the Sava and Danube rivers, on the Balkan Peninsula, at the crossroads of Eastern and Western Europe. Its name translates to White city.
Belgrade has been permanently settled since the mid Neolithic period, the time when its area played host to the Vincian culture, more than 4,000 years B.C.E. Roads run through it and around it, used by invading warrior peoples conquering and destroying this city, rebuilding it and adding to it over and over. From the Celtic dun and the Roman castrum the city grew into a significant border fortification of the Huns and then the Byzantine emperors Anastasius and Iustinianus, the Avars, Bulgars, Ugars, Serbs, Turks and Austrians, until it became the capital of modern Serbia during the 19th century and grew into a true European capital during the early 20th century.